The educational paradigm has been hit by technological fluctuations. It is evident that technological development advances faster than laws and that education. Therefore, defining the latter at the beginning of the 21st century means contrasting teaching styles and moments in the history of mankind.
We have moved from a traditional society to the so-called information society in a very short period of time. Anyone can type a few seconds and get knowledge on their mobile without opening a book.
New job positions
Hundreds of new jobs have been created in the technological area just because there is a large market for people thirsty for information.
Entrepreneurs ten years ago would never have thought of giving a high salary to a young boy or girl to be in charge of giving a corporate image of their company on social networks. The large newspapers also did not consider that their print edition would be minimized as a result of the arrival of new digital readers.
All this has not been alien to the teaching world. Students from all over the world can now do their homework by copying and pasting portals such as Wikipedia or buenostareas.com , which at the time generated a teaching crisis (how to know if something was plagiarism or not). In fact, dozens of portals are now marketed for teachers to verify what is transcription and what is an original production.
But what happens to the Infant and Primary students? Boys and girls ages 3 and 4 are playing with an iPad or a tablet. Already in the early stages of education we see, for example, a 7 or 8 year old girl making a power point presentation to expose the planets or animals in their next science class.
Therefore, we could define education from several points of view.
Do we support a master class?
The first would be semantic, because education is not the same as instruction, and what is projected in classrooms seems to be. Education today does not support a master class where students are only recipients of a speech. But are teachers prepared to change the model?
Extracting thousands of teachers from the master model, its comfort zone, is a risky bet. On the other hand, those who are being trained in various master’s programs and in teaching degrees are required to use technology, neuroscience, but the classes remain masterful . If someone uses, for example, a power point presentation , they can fall on numerous occasions in a kind of teacher karaoke with little imagination, excessive reading of slides and high doses of boredom.
Bad academic results
Consequently, a radical and immediate change is required . The problem is that the decision makers do not see it clearly. According to a Eurostat study , students have lowered their performance, we stand in line all over Europe and we get poor academic results in PISA reports .
On the other hand, we must modify the training of the future teacher, and for this we must think about the relearning of the postgraduate and graduate teachers so that they can teach by preaching by example . This will lead to an alteration in legal structures and a variation in academic performance.
This will be the university of the future
The university at the end of the 21st century will be nothing similar to the current one. In futuristic manuals it is said that the human being will carry a chip with all the information he needs. People will be polyglots and the internet will disappear as we know it today .
Therefore, one might wonder if all human beings can know everything and how the educational paradigm is supposed to be oriented.
The answer to these questions can be found in the theoretical approaches of the knowledge society. This contemplates an adequate and precise way of educating, according to the capacities of each human being. It is not enough to know about medicine or engineering, because we have that information at your fingertips. It requires that the person has talent, skill, interest, courage, certainty and a clear dedication to deepen the knowledge acquired, either through games or interactive classes, learning autonomously or acquiring in a future a chip that contains all the information of A university degree .
It is a generational conflict, but also a battle between schools and online leisure companies . The level of distraction that an average student can have is immense, as these companies apply neuromarketing techniques that generate dependence on online games.
We are already in a phase of discovering new diseases related to the process of addiction of a human being to this type of entertainment. Even the intoxication in social networks and the need to be followed by someone increasingly becomes a compulsive psychotic process .
Are the university or faculty trained to move students away from these digital attractions? The answer is no.
How to teach
There is a lot of talk about neuroscience, but we must consider that beyond these wonderful techniques there must be a relearnment of the way we should teach, especially those that we are preparing to take on the challenge of an education in times of change for society.
Teachers prepare students for the labor market. The ultimate goal of an educational process is that the person who finishes is trained to develop a job in a company or that can dump all their capabilities in the world of entrepreneurship.
There is then a new question: Are current students preparing to work in companies or in the occupations that will be available in a couple of years? We can no longer speak of the future as something far away: new positions and new responsibilities are just around the corner.
Organizational forms in a short time will be cellular, with shared responsibilities. The pyramidal structures will disappear. Thus, a paradigm is emerging where we all make decisions within organizations.
Education today cannot be defined in a couple of sentences, since it is an issue that cannot be seen from a single point of view.
In conclusion, education must change and adapt to new times. It does not concentrate on a solitary entity. It depends on the entire teaching staff and, therefore, to define it is to determine our role in a reduced temporality.
Author Bio: Jessica Bayón Pérez is a Legal clinic coordinator. Professor of Labor Law and Social Security and Human Resources at Nebrija University